What are the verbs? Their functions, however, overlap. Legal. I would love to share with you some ideas. The best players in the world need _______________ (practice) up to 50 hours a week, and many players retire, or stop playing, around the age of 25, when they are considered too old to stay competitive. Directions: Use the following verbs and adjectives to create sentences about the future. True, some nouns are gerunds and some are not, but, for all practical purposes this makes no difference whatsoever to English grammar usage. The entire phrase will function as a noun. Encourage students to use the verbs and adjectives in their sentences. Thank you for sharing. Thank you. He prefers drinking alcohol to lifting weights, of course. Quick Tips on Gerunds vs. Infinitives in English. 5. Teresa expected Bernardo to lose weight, but nothing changed. Suddenly, we were only winning by 4 points with just a couple of minutes left in the game, and we hadn't scored a basket in a long time. This week we will conclude our gerund and infinitives activities by practicing giving and receiving travel advice. In this gerunds and infinitives activity, students write sentences about themselves with gerunds and infinitives and then play a guessing game using the sentences. This was difficult for him because he enjoyed eating chocolate and he preferred to drink/drinking beer to Diet Coke! It's important to listen during an interview. I practice the patterns in sentence form, but what I like is that you have a small story. Online Professional English Network (OPEN), Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Teacher: whiteboard or chalkboard, markers or chalk, a timing device, Students: pencils or pens, notebooks or writing paper, recording devices (optional). However, we kept __________ until we ran out of money. I can't stand Tom's speaking German. It is simply a technical term used by linguistic analysts within their speciality field. Part One includes a homework assignment for the students to research a country. Wow this helped me a lot with my homework thank you so much. Why? Now, it's your turn to tell me about yourself. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. This weeks Teachers Corner helps students prepare for the future while practicing using infinitives. While students are brainstorming, write the following on the board: A location scout would be an interesting job, because I like to meet new people. to swim For some, either the gerund or infinitive is possible. He decided to go on a diet. In the end, he had a great trip. They answer comprehension questions and write sentences about themselves using gerunds and infinitives. S. Thank you so much. Many streamers need to broadcast up to eight hours a day to keep people watching their channel. About English Current . The Difference between 'a few/few/a little/little', The Difference between "Other" & "Another", clarifying-questions-gerunds-infinitives.docx, The Gender Pay Gap (Advanced Lesson Plan), The Big Five Personality Traits (Upper-Intermediate Lesson), The Big Five Personality Traits (Advanced Lesson Plan), Health & Wellness (Intermediate Lesson Plan), Health & Wellness (Upper-Intermediate Lesson), Exercises: Identifying Fragments and Run-on Sentences (Writing Errors), Speaking Activity: Giving Advice (Guess the Problem), Advice on Writing an Abstract for a Research Paper, The Difference between the Verbs Need and Require (English), Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below), Briefly explain that in English, often verbs are followed by another action. This les son plan is great. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. For English Language Teachers Around the World, Teacher's Corner: Gerunds and Infinitives. In the first sentence, the verb is "wants" and the infinitive is "to work", In the second sentence, the verb is "is" and the infinitive is "to listen", Making your writing more formal and academic. 5. When I get a job as a location scout, I hope to travel to New York City. In this case the English word 'shampoo' means 'the soap for shampooing'.' this opportunity (direct object of action expressed in gerund). Language Focus: Verbs followed by gerunds and/or infinitives, English Level: Intermediate, upper-Intermediate. The exercises are great ! Parallelism is crucial when writing about comparisons or using a point-counterpart format. Running is Olivia's favorite activity. In the end, he had a great trip. It is not preceded by "be" and it acts like the subject of the sentence. This is a true story about me. For example, in "I was reading a book when you telephoned me" the main verb is was, and reading is the 'present participle' functioning as an auxiliary verb, NOT as a noun. She started _________ that he had broken his promise _________ well. Despite my disappointment, I was happy that I had at least tried to make the team. swimming or the infinitive: to + verb e.g. Video gaming as a professional sport, or e-sport, is the fastest growing sporting event in the world. Explain to students that in this example, 'playing the guitar' functions as the noun and is the name of the activity that she likes. Competing as a professional video gamer is difficult. She saw him pass by McDonalds, but then he stopped _________. Alternative to beginning a sentence with "this"? Like nouns, gerunds can function in various ways in a sentence. He hesitated to go in, but he finally did. She saw him pass by McDonald's, but then he stopped walking. you (indirect object of action expressed in gerund) He tried __________ every day, but sometimes he forgot __________. He stopped drinking his beer to answer the phone. A gerund is a verb that ends with -ing but functions as a noun. Have the students skim the reading for any unfamiliar vocabulary terms, and provide them time to ask about any new vocabulary words. B: Oh. Now he exercises every day and he looks better. Different languages have different gramatical forms. Gerund and Infinitive Exercises - Quiz 1 Ali's Story Booking The School His girlfriend called him when we were at the pub. What habit do you have that you'd like to stop _________________ (do) ? It uses gerunds, infinitives, and a variety of modals, The second paragraph is more formal because it uses first person plural and third person, and it is more sophisticated because it has more sentence variety. Next, split the class into two groups, Group A and Group B. It`s an excellent explanation of boring grammar rules: the students liked it. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Grades 6-12. The second paragraph uses first person plural (we) and third person plural (they). To keep people watching, the streamer must play a video game while entertaining the audience watching. Once students have matched a job title to a description, they should stand together in a pair. (start) 4. You can go to cinema when youve finished doing your homework. Before class begins, write on the chalkboard the prompts and sentence structures from Appendix 1 so that the class can do an example version together. The car kept _____________. My job is to design plans to prevent erosion and to develop practices for using land. Her mother/suggest/go/to Canada. Bernardo hates _________________ (exercise), but he will try it. It's probably how kids today feel about players like Lebron James and Steph Curry. It is preceded by "be" (am) and follows the subject. Does methalox fuel have a coking problem at all? Have the students continue to work with their partners to brainstorm some jobs they find unique or interesting. :). She decide/visit/ British Columbia. Gerunds (pronounced jer-unds) are verbs that end in -ing but function as nouns. But he had a problem. He hopes that he never stops _____________. This weeks Teachers Corner practices using gerunds and infinitives through a reading activity on professional video gaming. I will however change the storyline because the majority of the stories seem a bit over the top and not suitable for younger learners, i.e. However, some video gamers have made their hobby into a career! As a productive activity, I typicallydo this activity with verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives. Teresa's boyfriend Bernardo is gaining weight. I want to travel around the world, so it would be a great job for me. In my job I might have to drive, to jump from a great height, or to fight. 2. Most English speakers go through their entire lives not knowing what a gerund is, whilst happily using them in their everyday speech without any problems! Have you decided _________________ (do) anything special this weekend? 1. He was like a force of nature that no one could stop. He said that he didn't mean _________ her, but she started _________. 5. The car keptsliding. (I enjoyed playing), What do you remember doing with your friends after school? This lesson is available as a slide presentation. As a quick review, ask the students where the infinitive verbs are in the sentences above (Teachers could also ask students to idenitify gerunds here, though not the focus of this activity). Tip 2: Gerunds follow prepositions in a sentence, including prepositions in phrasal verbs. 1. Tip 1: Both gerunds and infinitives follow certain verbs you'll learn much more about which verbs below. After the pairs have checked their answers, review the answers as an entire class to double-check the answers. A 'gerund' is the name given to nouns ending with -ing. While students work on their ideas, pass out the verbs and adjectives list found in Appendix 1. Browse other questions tagged, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site. Conclude this portion of the activity by asking the students to share their plans with the entire class. He triedto stop, but he couldn't. A streamer earns money through advertisements, so the more people who watch, the more money a streamer can earn from his or her channel. For example, 'I like reading', 'he likes cooking', etc. One of my favourite childhood memories was when our elementary school team played in the championship game. She attempted to wrestle it from him, but she couldn't manage to get it out of his greasy hands. A streamers job is to play video games online and broadcast the gameplay on his or her channel for others to watch. A gerund acts like a noun in the sentence. A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. Matthew Barton / Creator of Englishcurrent.com. What was your first memory? 2. He begantraveling when he was a young child. Was it helpful and informative? Using gerunds and infinitives enhances your writing by: Compare the following paragraphs. Yesterday, he drank beer with me instead of exercising. A gerund is a noun made from a verb root plus ing (a present participle). Similar to these examples: Watching television is my favorite to-do on a Saturday night. For example, 'She likes playing the guitar .'. (correct), Is your hometown worth to visit? For the gerund and infinitive exercises below you have to decide if you need the gerund: verb + ing e.g. This activity combines a review of reported speech (i.e. Here are 50 Examples of Gerunds; 1. 6. Updated on May 16, 2019 Grammar. Your email address will not be published. Gerund phrases can be used as a subject in a sentence. Bernardo lovestraveling. But I still often thought about scoring that basket in the championship game. Let me know in the comments. In Spanish the term gerundio refers to the adverbial participle. 1. Watching a streamer can be a great way to learn about a new game or meet others who enjoy playing the same game. 1.doing, 2. to study, 3. doing, 4. watching/reading, 5. to do, 6. to do, 1.to learn, 2. to do, 3. doing, 4. to do, 5. doing, 1.doing, 2. doing/to do 3. doing/to do 4. to do 5. doing, 1.to do, 2. doing 3. doing 4. to do 5.being. Other video gamers have turned their hobby into a career as streamers, and many former professional gamers switch from competition to streaming video games. It is important to note the distinction betweenthe gerund verbandthe present participle. Why? The writing should be large enough to see from a distance. Encourage students to be as creative as possible and to write down as many details as they can. He agreed __________________ healthily. Parabolic, suborbital and ballistic trajectories all follow elliptic paths. He said that he didn't mean to hit her, but she started screaming. What a great resource for teaching this tough subject. Bernardo disliked _________________ (exercise), but he agreed _________________ (try) it. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. If you want to be happy, you should do five things. Please support your answer (sources are nice). As students get out their homework, give each student a blank sheet of paper to use as a sign. Speaking, listening (primary focus); reading, writing (secondary focus). This time, Group B presents their countries information, and the students in Group A visit the countries. Check the reading for vocabulary that may be unfamiliar to students. Study these two sentences. He decided _________________ (go) on a diet. How to distinguish the gerund with the object and the -ing form in the meaning of the adjective. My dream of being a basketball player ended in grade 9. Due to this popularity, organizers of the Olympics are considering including e-sports in future Olympic games. 4. I felt like I had done something truly special because even though there was still some time left in the game, my basket had given our team the space and confidence we needed to win. Describe your favorite memory from your childhood. Give them the example of "I want to go" vs. "I enjoy going". 4. I remember playing basketball with my friends at school and wanting to be "like Mike." What do you enjoy ___________ (do) in your free time? English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. (The gerund is, My cat's favorite food is salmon. While students share their answers, check their matches for correctness. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. An optional approach is to have students form pairs or small groups and work together to fill out the information. shifting verb tenses back when the reporting verb is in the past tense) and gerunds and infinitives. 1. After he finishes college, he wants to work as a geologist. Make enough copies so that each student has one to complete as homework. The difference in the form of gerunds and infinitives is quite clear just from comparing the following lists: Gerunds: swimming, hoping, telling, eating, dreaming.